Check out Hyper here. Either choice here is going to be a good one. Both options can be configured to create a beautiful, highly functional terminal experience.
I would recommend trying both- I keep both installed, using each for different purposes. This is a necessary prerequisite for most of what will follow. Each choice has different advantages and disadvantages, but for the purposes of this article, we are going to be working with zsh. Z shell, or zsh, has been around since , and has a large following and a diverse array of plugins, guides, and contributors. Some advantages of zsh include: improved completions, command history, globbing, shortcuts, variable handling, and many others.
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Each of those items are worth exploring and learning about another time. Zsh ships with OS X, however, it is an older version. I recommend installing the latest version using Homebrew, the Mac package manager.
If you have not heard of Homebrew, or do not have it installed, you can find it here. If you get hung up anywhere during this process, or need additional help, check this for more information and a more detailed install guide. After installing zsh, the first time zsh is ran, it will prompt you with a series of questions concerning configuration. Follow the prompt through to the end, making changes wherever desired.
No changes are necessary, however- the defaults will work fine. After installing zsh, a whole new world of frameworks, plugins, and themes opens up. Far more than can be covered within this article. It is simple to install, has a robust feature set, and is generally forgiving in usability. If oh-my-zsh is not your cup of tea, a similar framework like Prezto will work just fine in place of it. Alternatively, if you prefer a more lightweight alternative, you can stick with only a plugin manager, like Antigen , or run without a framework altogether.
Terminal/Bash Command-Line Shortcuts with Aliases — Jonathan Suh
These decisions are entirely up to you, and I would encourage you to play around with different configurations, frameworks, plugins, and changes to determine which fits your workflow and needs best. Head to the oh-my-zsh repository on Github — here. Follow the basic installation instructions in the repository, or see the below:.
Install via curl:. The above will clone and install oh-my-zsh. Zsh plugins can add all kinds of useful workflow solutions, fun tweaks, or add important functionality.
It works for me on macOS Majave
Here are a few to get you started:. Download it here. Find it here. Ships with oh-my-zsh. There are many, many more plugins out there. Oh-my-zsh ships with a long list of them, as well see here. Again, this is up to personal configuration- spend time deciding which will work best for you. This portion of the guide brings us to a highly important piece in the zsh configuration process: the zsh configuration file,.
You can find it among the hidden files in your home directory. Note: to enable hidden file viewing in your home directory, type this into your terminal: defaults write com. Oh-my-zsh will have generated a default configuration, with fields for theme, plugins, aliases, and more. Installing a new plugin is a simple process. Reload your terminal by typing zsh and it should be functional. However, the installation process for most third-party plugins is pretty straightforward, and should go as follows:.
Most of your troubleshooting needs should be addressed there. Your command line prompt can be whatever you want it to be- minimal, verbose, informative, beautiful, pragmatic, or all of the above. For our purposes, I have chosen a great zsh prompt theme, Spaceship. It is the best combination of each of the attributes above that I have encountered thus far. Symlink spaceship. Now that you have your prompt installed, there is a long list of customizations and tweaks that can be made to suit your workflow or style.
Their repository has a great set of docs that will show you some of the possibilities. Spend some time viewing the examples, or leave it as-is — the defaults are great.
My personal prompt is configured to display some custom icons and information:. The above should give you an idea of some of the cool possibilities that you can create with Spaceship. To get your prompt looking like mine, a few steps must be followed:. Use whichever fonts you personally like , however— a nerd font is required to properly use Spaceship prompt.
Find nerd fonts here and here. Additional font installation options are detailed in the nerd fonts Github repository, and include installation via Homebrew, install script, and ad hoc curl download. This will open up your user preferences. As developers every second counts and it is the shortcuts that save us time. Remember the Aliases mentioned at the beginning of the article. We are going to use these to create the shortcuts we want.
You can set up an alias now by typing the following straight into the terminal. Type in your new alias command profile and see that it has opened the. I did this to illustrate why it is important to save your aliases and not just in the terminal. This is because the aliases we set up were not permanent and only existed for that last session that we closed.
In order to have them saved permanently, we need to set it in the. We need to use the long command to activate the changes in the. You can create as many aliases as you want if it speeds up your workflow. So far we have covered how to create a welcome message, and create aliases. Next we will see how to change the command prompt the text you see to the left of all your commands. It should look something like this:. To do this we need to open up our. I personally like my hostname to be displayed as well as my current directory saves me typing pwd every time I want to find out which directory I am in.
A beginners guide to terminal aliases and functions
I will list the notations needed to create your own but for now type the following:. Save and exit nano you know how to do it by now , and call the. Exit and re-open terminal and you should see the changes. This is how I personally like to set up my terminal, but you can play around to find your preferred set up.
Command Line Productivity with ZSH Aliases
You can even set up your command prompt to appear on multiply lines like this :. The terminal can look quite daunting to start off with, especially with the default black and white profile. You can change this in the terminals preferences with the pre-installed themes. Next press the little plus sign in the bottom left and name it whatever you like.
To the right you can play around with the background colour, opacity and blur. Below are the setting I use:. Located at the bottom of the window under the cursor heading, you can choose between block, underline, and vertical. You can also choose whether you want the cursor to blink or not by checking the blink cursor box. To the right you can also change the colour and opacity of the cursor.
I have also changed the font of my terminal, you can do this by clicking on the change button. For the colour of my text and cursor I use 52C1FF.
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Once you have finished creating your theme you need to press default in the bottom left of the profile editor. To see your amazing new terminal set up in action, you will need to exit and re-open the terminal. During this article we have looked at how to change to the bash shell, use the terminals inbuilt text editor to edit your.
We have also looked at and introduced how to customise the look of the terminal. There are many more ways you can customise your terminal to create a productive and comfortable work environment. Have a look at the extra reading for more tips on customising your terminal. Extra Reading:. Zsh Set Up. Create Bash Aliases On Windows.
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